Working hours in India
Because of unemployment, people in India are struggling to earn their daily wage. Along with adults, children are sent to work for long hours. This affected the health of both adults and children as a result of child labor. The government of India introduced working hours Act for different industries.
As per the government act in India, no worker can work for more than forty- eight hours in any week or work more than 9 hours in a day. If a worker works more than 9 hours a day than the usual, it is considered over time and he or she is eligible for overtime allowance, also the worker must be paid twice thier ordinary wage. The act also states that no adult worker is allowed to work on the first day of the week. It is considered as a weekly holiday. A worker working for continuously 5 hours must have an interval of at least half an hour each. Also if a worker works on holidays then a provision is made for compensation of holiday within that month or within two months immediately following that month. Government act also states that a worker cannot work more than ten and half hour in any day inclusive of this break hours.
As per government law, children below fourteen years of age are not eligible for work. The law states that no children can be employed for more than four and half hour in any day. An adolescent must be certified to work as an adult, only those adolescent are eligible to work. But even adolescent cannot work at night between 10:00 PM to 6:00 AM. The female adolescent is allowed to work between 8:00 AM to 7:00 PM. All children who are employed are limited to two shifts which shall not overlap or spread over more than 5 hours in any day.
Government authorities have deemed child labor is an offense if an adult employs a child below fourteen years of age,.Civil society, NGOs and many organization have been established to help children from exploitation.
Above all, both government authorities and public opinion must be mobilized with an aim to reduce working condition for both adult and adolescent in any industries for better health and growth in their workplace.