Origami : A traditional marvellous art of folding paper
It is also called as paper folding, in Japan. The word Origami is the combination of two words ori meaning "folding", and kami meaning "paper" (kami changes to gami due to rendaku)) is the art of paper folding, is often associated with Japanese culture. The word "origami" is used as an inclusive term for all folding practices, in modern usage, regardless of their culture of origin. This art aims to transform a flat square sheet of paper into a finished sculpture through folding and sculpting techniques. Generally, modern origami practitioners discourage the use of cuts, glue, or markings on the paper. To refer to designs that use cuts, Origami folders often use the Japanese word kirigami. To make intricate designs, a small number of basic origami folds can be combined in a variety of ways. The Japanese paper crane is the best-known origami model. These designs generally begin with a square sheet of paper whose sides may be of different colors, prints, or patterns. Since the Edo period (1603–1867), Traditional Japanese origami has been practiced has often been less strict about these conventions, sometimes cutting the paper or using nonsquare shapes to start with. In stents, packaging, and other engineering applications, the principles of origami are also used.
In Europe, China, and Japan, Distinct paper folding traditions arose which have been well-documented by historians. Until the 20th century, these seem to have been mostly separate traditions. Traditional funerals often include the burning of folded paper, most often representations of gold nuggets (yuanbao), in China. Instead of full-scale wood or clay replicas, the practice of burning paper representations dates from the Song Dynasty (905–1125 CE), though it's not clear how much folding was involved.
There was a well-developed genre of napkin folding, in Europe, which flourished during the 17th and 18th centuries. This genre declined and was mostly forgotten, after this period. To the introduction of porcelain historian Joan Sallas attributes this, which replaced complex napkin folds as a dinner-table status symbol among the nobility.
In the 1860s, when Japan opened its borders they imported Froebel's Kindergarten system and with it, German ideas about paper folding as part of a modernization strategy. The ban on cuts, and the starting shape of a bicolored square included in this. In Japanese tradition, these ideas, and some of the European folding repertoire, were integrated. Traditional Japanese sources use a variety of starting shapes, often had cuts, and if they had color or markings, before this. After the model was folded, these were added.
Some European historians although they feel it places undue weight on the Japanese origins of art that may well have developed independently around the world. Most modern practitioners often called "folders" eschew cutting (although it continues to be used in the Rokoan style of connected cranes), While cutting was traditionally a part of origami. From square paper and from a single sheet most origami is folded. Multiple sheets are used by composite and modular styles of origami and however, rectangles and other no square sheets may also be used. Very few resources required to make models from paper and take mere minutes (or even seconds) to execute. On the other hand, Complex designs can take hours to complete. Almost cartoonlike renderings of their subjects, utilizing simple folding sequences preferred by some folders, and others strive for highly accurate representations, requiring advanced techniques. For the folding sequences to be accurately described and thereby duplicated, the use of diagramming signs, symbols, and arrows allows, meaning this art form can be learned independently of language. Generally, folders do not compete with each other except in terms of achieving new heights of creativity. Varying degrees of competitiveness involved in Creative competitions. Although the time involved in creating diagrams for each creation means that folders can easily amass large backlogs of un-diagrammed work, Enthusiasts usually share their work freely. Copyright law has been exercised to protect the rights of creators, In light of the commercial use of origami. Like other art forms, origami has many styles, such as realistic, minimal, modular, composite, and practical, Pureland, tessellations, wet folding, crumpled. Around the world Scores of origami, societies exist.