Hinomaru - The Japanese flag
The sun goddess Amaterasu founded Japan in the 7th century BC and was an ancestor of the first of its emperors, Jimmu, according to the tradition. Today also the emperor is known as the "son of the Sun". The Japanese flag is a white banner that contains a red circle at Center. The circle represents the Sun. The official name of the flag is Nisshōki, but in Japan, it is commonly called as Hinomaru. It means "circle of the Sun". It is sometimes called a rising Sun in English. For over a thousand years this flag has been used. Who designed this flag or when no one has any idea about it. On 27 January 1870 Imperial Japan had officially adopted it as the flag. In Japanese mythology and religion sun plays an important role. The name of the country and the design of the flag reflects the central importance of the sun. Shoku Nihongi says that in the ancient history Emperor Monmu used a flag representing the sun in his court in 701, and this is the first recorded use of a sun-motif flag in Japan. The perception of the public varies about the national flag. Both Western and Japanese sources historically claimed the flag was a powerful and enduring symbol to the Japanese. The use of the flag and the national anthem has been a contentious issue for Japan's public school, after the end of World War II. For other Japanese flags in public and private use, the Hinomaru serves as a template. Hinomaru was present at celebrations after victories in the First Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese Wars. The use of the flag grew as Japan sought to develop an empire.
It became the main symbol of Japan's war mobilization and solidarity with soldiers until the 1940s. During the Second World War, The flag was a tool of Japanese imperialism in the occupied Southeast Asian areas. In morning flag-raising ceremonies, people had to use the flag, and schoolchildren sang Kimigayo. The Hinomaru and other symbols were used to declare that the Koreans were subjects of the empire, In Korea which was part of the Empire of Japan. Americans coined the derogatory term "meatballs" for the Hinomaru and Japanese military aircraft insignia, during the Pacific War. It was the rising sun flag that would light the darkness of the entire world. For the Westerners, it was one of the Japanese military's most powerful symbols. As the Japanese have a deeply philosophical approach to graphic designs of all kinds, they value their national flag for its simplicity, striking contrasts, and appropriate symbolism. The symbol of the sun's hot red color contrasts with the cool white background, and the circle of the sun contrasts with the rectangle of the flag itself. The flag is officially hoisted on a pole which is rough natural bamboo, while the finial at the top is a shiny gold ball. Dating from the 19th century, the Diet (Japanese parliament) formally adopted the national flag on August 13, 1999, to regularize flag laws. At the same time, the national anthem ("Kimigayo") was given official recognition. During the late 16th century the unification period has the earliest recordings of the Japanese flag. During the battle, the daimyo, or Japanese feudal lords.
The family members would have carried different flags to a battle which served as identification, on the other hand, the generals had flags that differed from those of the soldiers. They can use the flag throughout World War II, but during the occupation, after the war, they had to take permission to fly the flag from the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces. Until the 1940s it became the symbol of solidarity among soldiers and for war mobilization. On 2nd May 1947 and 1948, they lifted the restrictions that people could fly the flag on national holidays. They abolished these limits completely in 1949 and citizens could fly the flag without seeking permission. In Japan, the flag is used less after lifting the restrictions because people associated it with military rule. The flag measures 29.5 ft. by 44.6 ft. and at lzumo Shrine there is a large Japanese national flag, Shimane Prefecture that weights 49kgs. The dimension ratio of the flag must be of 3:2 with the crimson red circle centered at 3/5 flag width. From 1889, the iconic Japanese flag with 16 rays is used by the Navy. Due to its imperialistic and militaristic usage in the past, it is considered offensive. The usage of the flag is forbidden by the San Francisco while Japanese Nationalists and the Naval Self-defense forces to use it. The Prime Minister's Proclamation No. 57 had two provisions related to the national flag, passed in 1870. The two provisions specified 1st one is who flew the flag and how it was flown and the second is how the flag was made. The dimensions of the flag were slightly altered when the Law Regarding the National Flag and National Anthem passed.